Review ArticleNeonatal Head Ultrasound A Review and Update—Part 1: Techniques and Evaluation of the Premature NeonateMaller, Vijetha V. MD∗; Cohen, Harris L. MD†Author Information ∗Department of Radiology, Le Bonheur Children's Hospital †Department of Radiology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN. Received for publication November 15, 2018; accepted January 31, 2019. The authors declare no conflict of interest. Address correspondence to: Vijetha V. Maller, MD, Department of Radiology, Le Bonheur Children's Hospital, 848 Adams Ave, Radiology G216, Memphis, TN 38103 (e-mail: [email protected]). Ultrasound Quarterly: September 2019 - Volume 35 - Issue 3 - p 202-211 doi: 10.1097/RUQ.0000000000000439 Buy Metrics Abstract Ultrasound of the infant brain has proven to be an important diagnostic tool in the evaluation of neonatal brain morphology and pathology since its introduction in the late 1970s and early 1980s. It is a relatively inexpensive examination that can be performed in the isolette in the neonatal intensive care unit. There is no radiation exposure and no need for sedation. This article will discuss gray scale and Doppler techniques and findings in normal head ultrasounds of premature neonates. It will discuss intracranial pathologies noted in such neonates and their neurodevelopmental outcome. Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.