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Radiologist's Guide to Diagnosis of Fetal Cardiac Anomalies on Prenatal Ultrasound Imaging

Revels, Jonathan Wesley, DO*; Wang, Sherry S., MBBS, FRANZCR*; Itani, Malak, MD, FRCR*; Nasrullah, Ayesha, MD, FRCR*; Katz, Douglas, MD; Dubinsky, Theodore J., MD*; Moshiri, Mariam, MD*

doi: 10.1097/RUQ.0000000000000412
Review Article

Congenital cardiac anomalies are a common finding during prenatal anatomical survey ultrasound examination. Cardiac anomalies are a major cause of prenatal and neonatal mortality and morbidity. If the anomaly is not lethal, most would require surgical correction. Therefore, early recognition of these abnormalities is essential for parental counseling and delivery planning, as well as analysis of neonatal treatment options. Although prenatal ultrasound plays an important role in identification of such anomalies, diagnosis and interpretation of imaging findings require familiarity and knowledge of the common imaging features. In this article, we provide a comprehensive review of ultrasound appearance of common fetal cardiac anomalies.

*Department of Radiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, Department of Radiology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, and Department of Radiology, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University, St. Louis, MO; and

Department of Radiology, NYU Winthrop Hospital, Mineola, NY.

Received for publication May 19, 2018; accepted October 17, 2018.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Address correspondence to: Jonathan W. Revels, DO, Department of Radiology, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific St, Room BB308, Box 357115, Seattle, WA 98195 (e-mail:

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