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Manufacturing Models of Fetal Malformations Built From 3-Dimensional Ultrasound, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, and Computed Tomography Scan Data

Werner, Heron PhD*†; Rolo, Liliam Cristine PhD; Araujo Júnior, Edward MD, PhD; Dos Santos, Jorge Roberto Lopes PhD§

doi: 10.1097/RUQ.0000000000000048
Pictorial Essay

Technological innovations accompanying advances in medicine have given rise to the possibility of obtaining better-defined fetal images that assist in medical diagnosis and contribute toward genetic counseling offered to parents during the prenatal period. In this article, we show our innovative experience of diagnosing fetal malformations through correlating 3-dimensional ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging, and computed tomography, which are accurate techniques for fetal assessment, with a fetal image reconstruction technique to create physical fetal models.

*Radiology, Imaging Diagnostics Clinic (CPDI); and †Department of Radiology, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro; ‡Department of Obstetrics, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo; and §National Institute of Technology, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Received for publication July 25, 2013; accepted October 2, 2013.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Reprints: Edward Araujo Júnior MD, PhD, Department of Obstetrics, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), Rua Carlos Weber, 956 apt. 113 Visage, Vila Leopoldina, São Paulo, Brazil, CEP 05303-000 (e-mail:

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins