Original Articles: CME ArticleUltrasound of Pelvic Inflammatory DiseaseHorrow, Mindy M. MD, FACR, FAIUM*Author Information *Director of Body Imaging, Albert Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Clinical Associate Professor of Radiology, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Received for publication June 3, 2004; revision requested June 17, 2004; revision received July 4, 2004; revision accepted July 7, 2004. The author has disclosed that she has no interests in or significant relationships with any commercial companies pertaining to this educational activity. Reprints: Mindy M. Horrow, Department of Radiology, Albert Einstein Medical Center, 5501 Old York Road, Philadelphia, PA 19141-3098 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org). Ultrasound Quarterly: December 2004 - Volume 20 - Issue 4 - p 171-179 Buy Take the CME Test Abstract Pelvic sonography is commonly performed in patients with a clinical diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease. Though the study may be normal or sometimes non-specific, there are a variety of findings that are characteristic of this process. Understanding of the sonographic features of pelvic inflammation, salpingitis, pyosalpinx, tubo-ovarian complex and tubo-ovarian abscess will allow the interpreter to make more specific, clinically useful diagnoses. Sonography can also help to distinguish acute from chronic abnormalities in the fallopian tubes. Correlation of sonography with pelvic CT is important as CT is ordered with increasing frequency in patients with unexplained lower abdominal pain. © 2004 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.