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Intracranial Neonatal Neurosonography: An Update

Benson, Jane E. M.D.*; Bishop, Marcus R. B.Sc.; Cohen, Harris L. M.D.


This article reviews salient features of a normal neonatal cranial ultrasound examination with suggestions concerning techniques that take advantage of new developments in ultrasound technology. It also illustrates pathologic findings in such areas as congenital abnormalities, intracranial hemorrhage, and infection. Recent publications on the subject of neurodevelopmental outcome are explored, pointing out how varying descriptions of intraventricular hemorrhages affect their results.

*Assistant Professor of Radiology and Pediatrics and ‡Visiting Professor of Radiology, Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology, Division of Pediatric Imaging, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.; †Senior Medical Student, Guy's, King's and St. Thomas' School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Biomedical Sciences, London, England

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with or financial interests in any commercial company pertaining to this educational activity.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Jane E. Benson, M.D., Central Radiology, Johns Hopkins Hospital, 600 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287. E-mail:

© 2002 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.