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Recommendations for Management of Endemic Diseases and Travel Medicine in Solid-Organ Transplant Recipients and Donors

Latin America – Map Gallery

Mourão, Paulo Henrique Orlandi MD1; Gavalda, Joan MD2; Salvador, Fernando PhD3; Molina, Israel MD4

doi: 10.1097/TP.0000000000002031
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1 Hospital das Clínicas, Universidade, Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil.

2 Infectious Disease Department, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain.

3 Tropical Medicine and International Health Unit, Infectious Disease Department, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, PROSICS, Barcelona, Spain.

4 Tropical Medicine and International Health Unit, Infectious Disease Department, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital. PROSICS Barcelona, Spain.

Received 2 July 2017. Revision received 31 October 2017.

Accepted 15 November 2017.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Funded by a technical cooperation agreement between the Pan American Health organization (PAHO) and the Ministry of Health of Brazil.

This review is a chapter of Recommendations for Management of Endemic Diseases and Travel Medicine in Solid-Organ Transplant Recipients and Donors: Latin America supplement.

Correspondence: Paulo Henrique Orlandi Mourão, MD, Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (HC/UFMG), Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. (phqmourao@gmail.com).

The map gallery (www.pmourao.com/map) was structured to allow for quick access to information on some endemic diseases in Latin America (listed below) and shows the incidence and prevalence by country in the general population. A sample map for Zika virus is shown in Figure 1. The user may access directly from the text information on the frequency of such diseases in Latin America, and this may be an auxiliary tool for guidance on travels and definition of prophylaxis/treatment of the SOT donor/recipient. For creating these maps, data from the World Health Organization was used and supplemented, whenever necessary.1-5

FIGURE 1

FIGURE 1

List of diseases:

  • Chagas
  • Chikungunya
  • Dengue
  • Hepatitis E
  • Leishmaniosis (cutaneous and visceral)
  • Malaria
  • Tuberculosis
  • Yellow
  • Zika
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REFERENCES

1. Pan American Health Organization. PAHO website. http://www.paho.org/hq/. Accessed November 10, 2017.
2. The Weekly Epidemiological Record (WER). World Health Organization website. http://www.who.int/wer/en/. Accessed November 10, 2017.
3. Echevarria JM, Gonzalez JE, Lewis-Ximenez LL, et al. Hepatitis E virus infection in Latin America: a review. J Med Virol. 2013;85:1037–1045.
4. Fierro NA, Realpe M, Meraz-Medina T, et al. Hepatitis E virus: an ancient hidden enemy in Latin America. World J Gastroenterol. 2016;22:2271–2283.
5. Alvar J, Vélez ID, Bern C, et al. Leishmaniasis worldwide and global estimates of its incidence. PLoS One. 2012;7:e35671.
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