This study was designed to analyze the clinical impact of a new bile duct division technique during laparoscopic living donor hepatectomy.
Laparoscopic donor right hepatectomies performed by a single surgeon between December 2016 and August 2019 were included. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography of the donors was reconstructed, and the length of the common channel of the dividing intrahepatic duct was measured. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on the bile duct division techniques of “clip and cut” versus “cut and clip.” Outcome of bile duct division was categorized based on the graft and bile duct type and number of bile duct openings.
A total of 147 transplantations were included. Outcomes in the “cut and clip” group were better than those in the “clip and cut” group with regard to obtaining an adequate division point (94.2% versus 78.8%; P = 0.019). The “cut and clip” showed superior biliary stricture-free survival than the “clip and cut” group (hazard ratio [HR], 0.456; confidence interval [CI], 0.217-0.957; P = 0.038) whereas recipients with hepaticojejunostomy (HR, 3.358; CI, 1.090-10.350; P = 0.035) and bile duct type other than type I (HR, 2.214; CI, 1.143-4.289; P = 0.018) showed increased risk for biliary stricture-free survival. Better outcome in terms of obtaining a single opening was also obtained in the “cut and clip” group (68.2% versus 84.6%; P = 0.040), and this difference was significant especially with a common channel shorter than 10 mm (45.5% versus 81.2%; P = 0.043).
The “cut and clip” technique showed superior outcomes to the “clip and cut” technique in terms of fewer bile duct openings and biliary stricture-free survival of the recipients.