Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) assessment is a key aspect in the evaluation of living kidney donor candidates; however, data on performance of commonly used methods are limited.
We examined 769 living kidney donor candidates with 24-hour urine collections assessed as accurate by comparing measured creatinine excretion rate (CER) to CER estimated using a 4-variable equation previously developed and validated using robust methodology.
Of all collections, 42.6% would have been deemed inaccurate, mostly under-collections, using the conventional weight- and gender-based CER estimation. Creatinine clearance (CrCl) overestimated 125
I-iothalamate GFR (iGFR), estimated GFR (eGFR), underestimated iGFR, and their average [Avg (CrCl and eGFR)] essentially eliminated the GFR bias (median bias = +2.2, −5.4, and −1.0 mL/min/1.73 m,2
< 0.001). This held true for all subgroups except blacks, where all 3 measures overestimated iGFR. Avg (CrCl and eGFR) also offered modestly improved accuracy compared with CrCl alone, as measured by the proportion of values falling within 10% (50.7% versus 45.3%; P
= 0.009) and 30% of iGFR (94.5% versus 89.3%; P
When measured GFR is unavailable, the Avg (CrCl and eGFR) provides a better estimate of kidney function in kidney donor candidates than either measure alone, although in blacks the estimates are neither better nor worse.