Review Article: PDF OnlyNoninvasive Approaches for Anxiety Reduction During Interventional Radiology ProceduresMakary, Mina S. MD*; da Silva, Alexandre MD*; Kingsbury, James MD*; Bozer, Jordan BS*; Dowell, Joshua D. MD, PhD†; Nguyen, Xuan V. MD, PhD*Author Information *Department of Radiology, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH †Northwest Radiology, St. Vincent Health, Indianapolis, IN. Address correspondence to Mina S. Makary, MD, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, 395W 12th Ave, Columbus, OH 43210 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org). Received 28 February, 2020 Accepted 17 March, 2020 The authors report no conflicts of interest. Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging: May 29, 2020 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - doi: 10.1097/RMR.0000000000000238 Buy PAP Metrics Abstract Periprocedural anxiety is a major cause of morbidity, particularly for interventional radiology procedures that often depend on conscious sedation. Management of anxiety and pain during image-guided procedures has traditionally relied on pharmacologic agents such as benzodiazepines and opioids. Although generally safe, use of these medications risks adverse events, and newer noninvasive, nonpharmacologic techniques have evolved to address patient needs. In this review, we explore the roles of hypnosis, structured empathic attention, anodyne imagery, music, video glasses, and mobile applications in reducing procedural anxiety and pain with the goal of improving patient satisfaction, operational efficiency, and clinical outcomes. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.