Original ArticlesCongenital Brain InfectionsArbelaez, Andres MD*†; Restrepo, Feliza MD*†; Davila, Jorge MD‡; Castillo, Mauricio MD, FACR§∥Author Information From the *Neuroradiology Section, Radiological Department, Hospital Pablo Tobon Uribe, Medellin, Antioquia, Colombia; †Neuroradiology Unit, Link Diagnostico Digital, Medellin, Antioquia, Colombia; ‡Diagnostic Imaging Department, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; §University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC; and ∥American Society of Neuroradiology, Chapel Hill, NC. Reprints: Andres Arbelaez, MD, Link Diagnostico Digital, Carrera 43a #18sur -135 Of. 826. Medellín, Antioquia, Colombia (e-mail: [email protected]). The authors declare no conflict of interest. Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging: June 2014 - Volume 23 - Issue 3 - p 165-172 doi: 10.1097/RMR.0000000000000024 Buy Metrics Abstract Pediatric congenital intracranial infections are a group of different and important entities that constitute a small percentage of all pediatric infections. The causal factors and clinical presentations are different in children compared with adults. They require early recognition because delay diagnosis and initiation of treatment may have catastrophic consequences. Despite improvements in prenatal screening, vaccine safety, and antibiotics, infections of the central nervous system remain an important cause of neurological disabilities worldwide. This article reviews the most common congenital infections and their imaging findings. © 2014 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.