Original ArticlesA Review of the Application of Distributed Practice Principles to Naming Treatment in AphasiaMiddleton, Erica L.; Schuchard, Julia; Rawson, Katherine A.Author Information Research Department, Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, Elkins Park, Pennsylvania (Drs Middleton and Schuchard); and Department of Psychology, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio (Dr Rawson). Dr Schuchard is now at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Corresponding Author: Erica L. Middleton, PhD, Research Department, Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, 50 Township Line Rd, Elkins Park, PA, 19027 (email@example.com). This work was supported by a National Institutes of Health award (R01 DC015516-01A1 to Erica Middleton). Julia Schuchard's effort was supported by a National Institutes of Health postdoctoral fellowship (T32 HD071844 to John Whyte). The authors have no other financial or nonfinancial relationships to disclose. Topics in Language Disorders: January/March 2020 - Volume 40 - Issue 1 - p 36-53 doi: 10.1097/TLD.0000000000000202 Buy Metrics Abstract It is uncontroversial in psychological research that different schedules of practice, which govern the distribution of practice over time, can promote radically different outcomes in terms of gains in performance and durability of learning. In contrast, in speech–language treatment research, there is a critical need for well-controlled studies examining the impact of distribution of treatment on efficacy. In this article, we enumerate key findings from psychological research on learning and memory regarding how different schedules of practice differentially confer durable learning. We review existing studies of aphasia treatment with a focus on naming impairment that have examined how the distribution of practice affects treatment efficacy. We close by discussing potential productive lines of research to elaborate the clinical applicability of distributed practice principles to language treatment. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.