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Management and Recovery Patterns Following Sport-Related Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in Male and Female College Athletes

Knollman-Porter, Kelly; Thaxton, Sarah; Hughes, Michael R.; Constantinidou, Fofi

doi: 10.1097/TLD.0000000000000187
Original Articles

Purpose: We examined patterns in mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) management and recovery exhibited by male and female athletes over the 19-year history of a Division 1 University Concussion Management Program.

Methods: We examined 234 diagnosed mTBIs and compared time required to return to baseline on neurocognitive and self-report symptom measures for male and female athletes.

Results: Males and females sustained 63.3% and 36.7% of mTBI, respectively. Athletes required on average 11.89 days to return to baseline on neurocognitive assessments and 11.83 days to report being symptom-free. There was a significant difference in the number of days until genders were symptom-free, with males and females requiring on average 10.11 days and 14.30 days, respectively.

Discussion: More collegiate athletes received pre- and post-mTBI management than in the past. There is a continued need to examine patterns of neurocognitive and symptom recovery, which may lead to earlier detection of athletes at risk for persistent post-mTBI symptoms.

Departments of Speech Pathology and Audiology (Dr Knollman-Porter and Ms Thaxton) and Statistics (Mr Hughes), Miami University, Oxford, Ohio; and Department of Psychology and Center for Applied Neuroscience, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus (Dr Constantinidou).

Corresponding Author: Kelly Knollman-Porter, PhD, CCC-SLP, Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Miami University, 301 S Patterson Ave, 2 Bachelor Hall, Oxford, OH 45056 (

The authors acknowledge the athletic trainers, physicians, graduate students, and athletes who contributed to this study.

The authors have indicated that they have no financial and no nonfinancial relationships to disclose.

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