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Globally Minded Text Production

Bilingual, Expository Writing of Italian Adolescents Learning English

Danzak, Robin L.; Arfé, Barbara

doi: 10.1097/TLD.0000000000000077
Original Articles

This study investigated micro- and macrostructural text features, and the impact of language-specific skills, on the bilingual, persuasive writing of 41 high school students learning English in Italy. Participants composed persuasive essays on 2 topics, each in Italian and English, and completed spelling and sentence generation tasks in both languages. Texts were assessed for fluency, productivity, complexity, and discourse quality. Repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to explore group differences between Italian and English writing. Correlations and regression analyses were used to investigate the impact of spelling and sentence generation on writing skills. Texts were more productive in English and more complex in Italian; however, no significant differences emerged between languages for fluency or discourse quality. In Italian writing, sentence generation skills affected only fluency. In English writing, spelling explained most of the variance in fluency and also impacted productivity, complexity, and quality. Results not only suggest cross-language transfer of discourse-level composition skills but also highlight the role of language-specific constraints in written text production.

Department of Speech-Language Pathology, Sacred Heart University, Fairfield, Connecticut (Dr Danzak); and Department of Developmental Psychology and Socialization, University of Padova, Padova, Italy (Dr Arfé).

Corresponding Author: Robin L. Danzak, PhD, Department of Speech-Language Pathology, Sacred Heart University, 5151 Park Ave, Fairfield, CT 06825 (

This research is supported by a Fulbright grant, awarded to the first author (R.L.D.) in 2014. The U.S. government or any agency representing it, nor foreign governments, has endorsed the conclusions or approved the contents of this publication. The authors express gratitude to the teachers who generously facilitated and the students who enthusiastically participated in this project.

The authors have indicated that they have no financial and no nonfinancial relationships to disclose.

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