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Characteristics, Assessment, and Treatment of Writing Difficulties in College Students With Language Disorders and/or Learning Disabilities

Richards, Stephanie A.

doi: 10.1097/TLD.0000000000000069
Original Articles

Many students currently are enrolled in colleges and universities across the country with language disorders and/or learning disabilities (LLD). The majority of these students struggle with writing, creating a need to identify and provide them with writing intervention services. Speech–language pathologists (SLPs) may provide this intervention; however, many report lacking the confidence, training, and experience to assess and treat writing difficulties in this or any population (Fallon & Katz, 2011). Therefore, the purpose of this article is to provide information that will assist SLPs and other professionals to identify the writing problems of college students with LLD and develop individualized treatment plans for them. Specifically, information is provided relating to (a) the types of writing difficulties typically seen in this population, (b) the best methods of assessing the writing problems of this population, (c) how to develop and provide individualized therapy for these individuals, and (d) the types of accommodations that can be used with this population.

Department of Communication Disorders, Central Michigan University; Mount Pleasant.

Corresponding Author: Stephanie A. Richards, PhD, CCC-SLP, Department of Communication Disorders, Central Michigan University, 2168 Health Professions Bldg, Mount Pleasant, MI 48859 (

The author has no financial or nonfinancial relationships to disclose.

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