Original ArticlesA Comparison of Deaf and Hearing Children's Reading Comprehension ProfilesKyle, Fiona E.; Cain, KateAuthor Information Division of Language and Communication Science, City University London, London, England (Dr Kyle); and Department of Psychology, Lancaster University, Lancaster, England (Dr Cain). Corresponding Author: Fiona E. Kyle, PhD, Division of Language and Communication Science, City University London, Northampton Square, London, EC1V 0HB, England (Fiona.firstname.lastname@example.org). Drs. Kyle and Cain have indicated that they have no financial and no nonfinancial relationships to disclose. Topics in Language Disorders: April/June 2015 - Volume 35 - Issue 2 - p 144-156 doi: 10.1097/TLD.0000000000000053 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose: Although deaf children typically exhibit severe delays in reading achievement, there is a paucity of research looking at their text-level comprehension skills. We present a comparison of deaf and normally hearing readers' profiles on a commonly used reading comprehension assessment: the Neale Analysis of Reading Ability II. Methods: Comprehension questions were coded into 3 types: literal questions; local cohesion questions; and global coherence questions. Deaf children were matched to 3 groups of hearing children: chronological age-matched controls; reading-age-matched controls; and a group of poor comprehenders. Results: Deaf children had significantly weaker reading comprehension skills than both chronological age- and reading-age-matched controls, but their skills were commensurate with poor comprehenders. All groups found it easier to make inferences to establish local cohesion than those required to establish global coherence. Discussion/Conclusions: These results suggest that deaf children's reading comprehension profiles are remarkably similar to those of poor comprehenders. These findings are discussed in light of the potential differences in underlying causes of reading difficulties in these 2 groups. Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.