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Perception of Oldest Older Adults About Pain in Performing Daily Activities

de Andrade Lage Cabral, Bárbara Pires, MD; Giacomin, Karla Cristina, PhD; de Almeida, Simone Costa, PhD; Pereira, Leani Souza Máximo, PhD; Assis, Marcella Guimarães, PhD

doi: 10.1097/TGR.0000000000000209
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This is a qualitative study that sought to understand the way in which oldest older adults perceive and deal with pain during activities of daily living. We interviewed 32 Brazilian older adults 80 years and older participating in the international multicenter study of Back Complaints in the Elderly. The following categories emerged from the content analysis: “The constant experience of pain,” “Understanding pain,” and “Performing daily living activities in pain.” Although pain is a constant experience and understood as something inherent to aging and difficult to explain, many older adults continue to perform daily activities while in pain and/or despite pain.

Postgraduate Program in Rehabilitation Sciences (Drs Cabral, Pereira, and Assis), and Department of Occupational Therapy (Dr de Almeida), Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil; and Center for Studies in Public Health and Aging (NESPE), Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil (Dr Giacomin).

Correspondence: Marcella Guimarães Assis, PhD, Escola de Educação Física, Fisioterapia e Terapia Ocupacional, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Avenida Presidente Antônio Carlos, 6627, Campus Pampulha, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil (

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest regarding this study.

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