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The Impact of Benson's Relaxation Technique on the Quality of Sleep in the Elderly

Habibollahpour, Mitra, MSc; Ranjkesh, Fatemeh, MSc; Motalebi, Seyedeh Ameneh, PhD; Mohammadi, Fatemeh, PhD

Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation: January/March 2019 - Volume 35 - Issue 1 - p 88–94
doi: 10.1097/TGR.0000000000000204
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Objective: This study examined the effect of Benson's relaxation technique in the quality of sleep of the elderly.

Method: The study employed a randomized clinical trial design. A total of 75 elderly suffering from sleep disorder were randomly assigned to either the intervention (n = 38) or control (n = 37) group. The intervention group received Benson's relaxation technique twice a day for 20 minutes through 4 weeks. Petersburg Sleep Quality Index was used to collect the data. Independent and paired t tests were employed to analyze the data.

Findings: The results of the paired t tests showed significant improvements in intervention group on quality of sleep and its 5 subscales including subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, and sleep efficiency, and the daytime dysfunction improved significantly (P < .000). In addition, independent t tests showed significant differences between the intervention and control groups in the quality of sleep and its 4 subscales including the subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, and habitual sleep efficiency after implementation of intervention (P < .000).

Conclusion: The results of the present study may support the efficacy of this simple, available, and cost-effective technique on the quality of sleep of elderly people.

Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.

Correspondence: Fatemeh Mohammadi, PhD, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Shahid Bahonar Blvd, 59811-34197, Qazvin, Iran (fmohammadi@qums.ac.ir).

The authors thank all of the elderly people who participated in this study.

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

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