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Whole-Body Vibration Increases Cardiopulmonary Performance in the Elderly: A Randomized Double-Blind Clinical Trial

Pessoa, Maíra Florentino, MSc; Brandão, Daniella Cunha, PhD; de Sá, Rafaela Barros, MSc; Aguiar, Maria Inês R., PhD; de Souza, Helga Cecília Muniz, MSc; de Melo Barcelar, Jacqueline, PhD; Reinaux, Cyda Maria Albuquerque, PhD; de Andrade, Armele Dornelas, PhD

doi: 10.1097/TGR.0000000000000201
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Aim: To evaluate the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) on ergospirometric variables in the elderly.

Methods: A total of 31 elderly people were randomly assigned to 1 of the 3 groups—resistance, WBV, WBV + resistance—training twice per week, 3 months, evaluating ventilatory thresholds by ergospirometry and peripheral strength.

Results: WBV groups increased

O2 after training when compared to the resistance group (25.2 ± 1.6 in WBV with P < .001 and 25.2 ± 3.2 in WBV + resistance with P < .001), as the percentage heart rate reserve (resistance = 27%; WBV = 48.4%; and WBV + resistance = 49.9%).

Conclusions: In the elderly, WBV increased strength and

O2max, combining into a single program both aerobic and resistance workouts.

Departamento de Fisioterapia, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Brazil.

Correspondence: Armele Dornelas de Andrade, PhD, Departamento de Fisioterapia, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Av. Jornalista Anibal Fernandes, s/n, Cidade Universitária CEP: 50740-560, Brazil (armeledornelas@yahoo.com).

This study was supported by Fundação de Amparo à Ciência e Tecnologia (APQ 0234-4.08/13), Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e tecnológico (Edital Universal—2012) and Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (PROCAD 88881.068409/2014-01).

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

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