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Evaluation of the Effect of 16 Weeks of Multifactorial Exercises on the Functional Fitness and Postural Stability of a Low-Income Elderly Population

Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Agnieszka, PhD; Wiśniowska-Szurlej, Agnieszka, PhD; Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska, Anna, PhD; Drużbicki, Mariusz, PhD; Sozański, Bernard, PhD; Wołoszyn, Natalia, MSc; Guzik, Agnieszka, PhD

doi: 10.1097/TGR.0000000000000202
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A multifactorial exercise programs for older people should be introduced to low-income communities. Of the 138 people who volunteered for the trial, 50 were enrolled and randomly assigned to either the study group (multifactorial exercises and health education; MEE) or the control group (health education; E). Results shown that the MEE group had significantly improved tandem test results and mobility. Improvement in all items of the Senior Fitness Test was also observed. No statistically significant changes were observed in the control group. A multifactorial exercise program combined with health education resulted in a significant improvement in the functional status of elderly people with low incomes.

Institute of Physiotherapy (Drs Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Wiśniowska-Szurlej, Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska, Druz.bicki, and Guzik and Ms Wołoszyn) and Centre for Innovative Research in Medical and Natural Sciences (Dr Sozański), Medical Faculty, University of Rzeszow, Rzeszow, Poland.

Correspondence: Agnieszka Wiśniowska-Szurlej, PhD, Institute of Physiotherapy, Medical Faculty, University of Rzeszow, Warszawska St, 35-205 Rzeszow, Poland (

The authors thank Ashley Cooper from Proper Medical Writing for editorial assistance.

The authors have no conflicts of interests to declare.

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