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Efficacy of Elastic Resistance Training Program for the Institutionalized Elderly

Motalebi, Seyedeh, Ameneh, PhD; Amirzadeh Iranagh, Jamileh, PhD; Mohammadi, Fatemeh, PhD; Cheong, Loke, Seng, PhD

Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation: April/June 2018 - Volume 34 - Issue 2 - p 105–111
doi: 10.1097/TGR.0000000000000179
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Objective: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a progressive resistance training program on dynamic balance and functional mobility among the institutionalized elderly.

Methods: A total of 45 institutionalized elderly from a senior welfare home participated in this quasi-experimental study. The exercise group (n = 21) attended a group-based program for 12 weeks, meeting twice a week. A 2-factor repeated-measures analysis of variance and independent and paired t tests were used to analyze the data.

Results: The results showed a significant improvement for the exercise group in the Reach Test for the forward (%Δ= 18.51%), right (%Δ= 20.0%), and left (%Δ= 17.7%) directions and in the 6-Minute Walk Test (%Δ= 12.09%, all Ps < .001) after the intervention.

Conclusion: The elastic band training provides a simple and inexpensive exercise program that improves the balance control and consequently functional mobility effectively.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran (Drs Motalebi and Mohammadi); Department of Public Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran (Dr Amirzadeh Iranagh); and Institute of Gerontology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia (Dr Cheong).

Correspondence: Seyedeh Ameneh Motalebi, PhD, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Shahid Bahonar Blvd, 59811-34197, Qazvin, Iran (

The authors thank all the elderly adults who participated in this study.

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

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