Thinking About Cognition: From Advances in Neuroanatomy to Outcomes AssesmentApplication and Interpretation of Functional Outcome Measures for Testing Individuals With Cognitive ImpairmentRoss, Christine M. PT, DPT, GCS, CDP, MSCSAuthor Information Neurorehabilitation, Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health, Cleveland Clinic, Las Vegas, Nevada. Correspondence: Christine M. Ross, PT, DPT, GCS, CDP, MSCS, Neurorehabilitation, Cleveland Clinic, Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health, Las Vegas, NV 89106 (RossC5@ccf.org). The author has disclosed that she has no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article. Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation: January/March 2018 - Volume 34 - Issue 1 - p 13-35 doi: 10.1097/TGR.0000000000000171 Buy Metrics Abstract The prevalence of individuals living with dementia worldwide is expected to increase exponentially; yet these individuals receive minimal recommended quality of care. Physical therapists are a valuable component of the comprehensive medical care team serving individuals with cognitive impairment. Utilization of evidence-based outcome measures to determine optimal care is critical to improving the effectiveness of care for individuals with cognitive impairment, decreasing the variability in the evaluation process. The purpose of this article is to describe functional outcome tools to assist skilled physical therapists with the evaluation process, essential to enhancing the quality of the individualized plan of care. © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.