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Optimizing the Coassessment of Gait and Cognitive Functioning

Reid-Arndt, Stephanie A. PhD, ABPP; Kim, Sangsun MA; Abbott, Carmen PT, PhD

Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation: April/June 2016 - Volume 32 - Issue 2 - p 127–133
doi: 10.1097/TGR.0000000000000099
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Background/Purpose: This research examined relationships between measures of gait/balance and cognition in healthy older persons to determine which demonstrate the greatest concordance and therefore may be the most effective early predictors of decline.

Methods: Participants (33 nondemented, healthy older individuals) completed measures of cognitive and physical functioning; Spearman correlation coefficients were computed.

Results: Complex measures of gait speed and balance (eg, Timed Up and Go) and cognitive measures of attention and executive functioning demonstrated the most significant relationships.

Conclusion: Rather than habitual gait speed, complex measures incorporating gait/balance appear more frequently associated with cognitive abilities and may be more effective in predicting future cognitive decline.

University of Missouri School of Health Professions, Columbia (Dr Reid-Arndt); University of Missouri Department of Psychological Sciences, Columbia (Ms Kim); and School of Health Professions, University of Missouri Department of Physical Therapy, Columbia (Dr Abbott).

Correspondence: Stephanie A. Reid-Arndt, PhD, ABPP, University of Missouri School of Health Professions, 514 Lewis Hall, Columbia, MO 65211 (ReidArndtS@health.missouri.edu).

This research was supported by funding from the University of Missouri Interdisciplinary Center on Aging.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.