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The Effects of a Perturbation-Based Balance Training on Neuromuscular Recruitment and Functional Mobility in Community-Dwelling Older Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Rossi, Luciano Pavan PhD; Brandalize, Michelle MSc; Pereira, Rafael PhD; Gomes, Anna Raquel Silveira PhD

doi: 10.1097/TGR.0000000000000035
Effects of Exercise on Older People
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The study aimed to evaluate a perturbation-based balance training program designed to target neuromuscular recruitment and functional mobility in older women. Older women were divided into exercise group (6-week balance training) and control group. Timed Up & Go test, central activation failure of ankle muscles, and electromyographic activity from 6 lower-limb muscles were assessed during postural perturbations. Variables were analyzed at baseline, at the 6-week follow-up, and after a detraining (6-week) period. The balance training improved electromyographic amplitude during postural perturbations, the central activation failure, and the Timed Up & Go test score. The perturbation-based balance training program improved muscle activation and the functional performance of older women.

State University of Centro-Oeste, Guarapuava, Paraná, Brazil (Dr Rossi); Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil (Dr Rossi); Guairacá Faculty, Guarapuava, Paraná, Brazil (Ms Brandalize); Department of Biological Sciences, State University of Southwest Bahia, Jequie, Bahia, Brazil (Dr Pereira); and Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil (Drs Rossi and Gomes).

Correspondence: Luciano Pavan Rossi, PhD, State University of Centro-Oeste, R. Camargo Varela de Sá, 03, Vila Carli, 85040-080, Guarapuava, PR, Brazil (lucianofisioo@yahoo.com.br).

This research was supported by a grant from the Araucária Foundation, reference no. 16423. A.R.S. Gomes is a recipient of productivity fellowship from Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico-CNPq (process no. 308696/2012-3).

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest in the research.

© 2014Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins