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Effects of Video Game Training on the Musculoskeletal Function of Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Rodrigues, Elisângela Valevein MSc; Valderramas, Sílvia Regina PhD; Rossetin, Liliana Laura BNurs; Gomes, Anna Raquel Silveira PhD

doi: 10.1097/TGR.0000000000000040
Effects of Exercise on Older People

This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effects of video game exercise training (VGET) on the musculoskeletal function of older adults. The review was carried out in the PubMed, LILACS, WEB OF SCIENCE, WEB OF KNOWLEDGE, PEDro, and Cochrane CENTRAL. Sixteen controlled clinical trials were included, and the risks of bias were measured using the JADAD scale. There was no evidence that VGET might be effective on functional mobility (standardized mean difference [SMD] = 0.23, 95% confidence interval [CI]: −0.13 to 0.59) or on balanced self-efficacy (SMD = 0.15, 95% CI: −0.29 to 0.60). Future randomized controlled trials with greater methodological rigor, focusing on the parameters used to prescribe the exercises, are necessary.

Department of Physical Education (Mss Rodrigues and Rossetin and Dr Gomes) and Department of Physiotherapy (Drs Gomes and Valderramas), Federal University of Parana, Curitiba, Parana, Brazil; and Massage Therapy Department, Federal Institute of Parana, Curitiba, Parana, Brazil (Ms Rodrigues).

Correspondence: Elisângela Valevein Rodrigues, MSc, Departamento de Massoterapia, Rua João Negrão, 1285, Rebouças, 80230-150, Curitiba, PR, Brazil (elisangela.rodrigues@ifpr.edu.br).

The authors declare they have no conflicts of interest in the research. A.R.S.G. is the recipient of a productivity fellowship from the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico—CNPq (Process number 308696/2012-3).

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