To compare level of mobility, quality of life, and functional independence of the elderly people living at home and in the nursing homes.
The study comprised 130 voluntary elderly participants living in 2 nursing homes and 54 elderly participants living in their own homes, who met the inclusion criteria. Sociodemographic data and medical history of the participants were recorded, and the Elderly Mobility Scale, Barthel Index, and Nottingham Health Profile were administered.
The level of mobility of the elderly people living in nursing homes was found to be lower than that of those living at home (P < .05). Quality of life and all subdomains except sleep were better for elderly people at home (P < .05). Functional independence scores of the elderly people living at home were higher (P < .05). In both groups, a statistically significant relationship was found between the mobility assistive device, Barthel Index (P < .01), and Elderly Mobility Scale (P < .01).
These results revealed that elderly people, especially those living in nursing homes, should be supported and educated to be aware of physical activity and quality of life.