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Functional Independence, Quality of Life, and Level of Mobility of Elderly People Living at Home and Nursing Home

Turan, Ebru PhD; Yanardag, Mehmet PhD; Aras, Ozgen PhD

doi: 10.1097/TGR.0b013e31825eb924
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Objective: To compare level of mobility, quality of life, and functional independence of the elderly people living at home and in the nursing homes.

Methods: The study comprised 130 voluntary elderly participants living in 2 nursing homes and 54 elderly participants living in their own homes, who met the inclusion criteria. Sociodemographic data and medical history of the participants were recorded, and the Elderly Mobility Scale, Barthel Index, and Nottingham Health Profile were administered.

Results: The level of mobility of the elderly people living in nursing homes was found to be lower than that of those living at home (P < .05). Quality of life and all subdomains except sleep were better for elderly people at home (P < .05). Functional independence scores of the elderly people living at home were higher (P < .05). In both groups, a statistically significant relationship was found between the mobility assistive device, Barthel Index (P < .01), and Elderly Mobility Scale (P < .01).

Conclusion: These results revealed that elderly people, especially those living in nursing homes, should be supported and educated to be aware of physical activity and quality of life.

Vocational School of Health Services, Osmangazi University (Dr Turan); Research Institute for the Handicapped, Anadolu University (Dr Yanardag), Eskisehir; and School of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Dumlupinar University, Kütahya (Dr Aras), Turkey.

Correspondence: Mehmet Yanardag, PhD, Anadolu University, Research Institute for the Handicapped, Eskisehir 26470, Turkey (myanardag@anadolu.edu.tr).

The authors thank Caroline Jane Walker for proofreading the manuscript.

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.