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Risk Factors, Frequency, and Causes of Falling in Geriatric Persons Who Has Had a Limb Removed by Amputation

Ülger, Özlem PhD, PT; Topuz, Semra PhD, PT; Bayramlar, Kezban PhD, PT; Erbahçeci, Fatih PhD, PT; Şener, Gül PhD, PT

Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation: April-June 2010 - Volume 26 - Issue 2 - p 156–163
doi: 10.1097/TGR.0b013e3181e85533
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Purpose This study was planned to investigate falls, their frequency, reasons, and consequences in the older patient with lower limb amputations.

Methods Twenty-five patients with lower limb amputations were included in the study. A questionnaire for falling was applied. Functional levels of these patients were determined according to the Medicare Functional Level System.

Results The falling questionnaire revealed that except for 5 patients with amputations, the subjects had experienced an incident of falling once or more than once. The common reasons for falls turned out to be losing balance, stumbling on the prosthesis, and colliding with someone.

Conclusions It was concluded that performing comprehensive evaluations in which falling histories were assessed before planning rehabilitation programs enriched the rehabilitation programs by suggesting different types of activities.

Hacettepe University, Prosthetics and Biomechanics Unit, Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey.

Corresponding Author: Özlem Ülger, PhD, PT, Hacettepe University, Prosthetics and Biomechanics Unit, Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara 06100, Turkey (ozlemulger@yahoo.com).

© 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.