ARTICLEAquatic Therapy to Improve Balance Dysfunction in Older AdultsMorris, David M. PT, PhDAuthor Information Department of Physical Therapy, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham. Corresponding Author: David M. Morris, PT, PhD, Department of Physical Therapy, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1530 3rd Ave S, Birmingham AL 35294 (firstname.lastname@example.org). Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation: April-June 2010 - Volume 26 - Issue 2 - p 104-119 doi: 10.1097/TGR.0b013e3181dfda0a Buy Metrics Abstract Balance dysfunction and falls-related injuries represent serious public health issues, resulting in great expense and human suffering. The physical problems leading to balance dysfunction include musculoskeletal-related structural limitations, diminished sensory capabilities, motor coordination deficits, and loss of anticipatory control mechanisms. The water has been described as an effective environment for addressing balance dysfunction through both rehabilitation and fitness activities. This article describes the underlying physical problems leading to balance dysfunction, provides a rationale for using aquatic therapy to positively influence balance control, and presents evidence to support the use of aquatic therapy for the management of balance dysfunction. © 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.