Medical Evaluation of Causes of Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms and Urinary Incontinence in Older PeopleDillon, Louise MB BS(hons), FRACP; Fonda, David MB BS, FRACPTopics in Geriatric Rehabilitation: June 2000 - Volume 15 - Issue 4 - p 1-15 Urinary Incontinence: Evaluation Buy Abstract Author InformationAuthors The common problems of lower urinary tract symptoms and urinary incontinence are ideally addressed in a multidisciplinary setting. This article describes pathophysiologic and age-related changes to micturition as well as causes of transient and established incontinence and nocturia. It includes a description of the process of assessment, guidelines for a detailed history and examination and bladder charting, and it concludes with basic and subsequent evaluation. Goals of treatment change according to patient needs, while assessment varies in depth depending on a patient's functional state. It is hoped that the end result for all patients is independent, dependent, or social continence or a combination of these. Consultant Geriatrician; Aged Care Services; Caulfield General Medical Centre; Caulfield, Victoria; Australia (Dillon) Director; Aged Care Services; Caulfield General Medical Centre; Caulfield, Victoria; Australia (Fonda) The authors would like to acknowledge Ms. Louise Carey for her invaluable administrative assistance Copyright © 2000 by Aspen Publishers, Inc.