ORIGINAL ARTICLEInfluence of Vitamin D Consumption on Bone Mineral Density Among Saudi Women in Jeddah Not Taking SupplementsHakim, Noor A. PhD; Hussein, Khulood S. PhD Author Information Clinical Nutrition Department, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia (Dr Hakim); and Medical Physiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia (Dr Hussein). Correspondence: Noor A. Hakim, PhD, Clinical Nutrition Department, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia ([email protected]). All authors had full access to the data, contributed to the study, approved the final version for publication, and take responsibility for its accuracy and integrity. All authors contributed to concept or design of the study, drafting of the article, and critical revision for important intellectual content. Khulood Hussein contributed to acquisition of data and Noor Hakim contributed to analysis or interpretation of data. The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article. Topics in Clinical Nutrition: October/December 2022 - Volume 37 - Issue 4 - p 288-304 doi: 10.1097/TIN.0000000000000293 Buy Metrics Abstract This cross-sectional study of 341 women in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, compared a 1-point-in-time vitamin D intake measurement assessed by the Semiquantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire with bone mineral density (BMD) at the lumbar spine and femur in pre- and post-menopausal women. Premenopausal women had significantly higher BMD at the lumbar spine and femur compared with postmenopausal women (P < .01). A significant positive association was seen between dietary vitamin D intake (95.5 ± 81.54 IU/day) and femur BMD at the trochanter (P < .05). Vitamin D intake of Saudi women is inadequate, suggesting the need for public health measures to promote improved nutrition in women and support an expansion of fortification programs. © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.