ORIGINAL ARTICLEQualitative Research Study of the Calorie Count Process in Hospitalized Pediatric Patients and Identification of Opportunities for Quality ImprovementBurgess, Lauren MS, RDN; Bartholomew, Tatiana BS; Richards, Rickelle PhD, MPH, RDN; Bellini, Sarah Gunnell PhD, RDNAuthor Information Department of Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Science, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah. Ms Burgess is now at Medical City Children's Hospital, Dallas, Texas. Correspondence: Sarah Gunnell Bellini, PhD, RDN, Department of Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Science, Brigham Young University, S-219 ESC, Provo, UT 84602 ([email protected]). Brigham Young University College of Life Sciences Start-up Funds Grant was used to fund this research. The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article. Topics in Clinical Nutrition: October/December 2020 - Volume 35 - Issue 4 - p 287-298 doi: 10.1097/TIN.0000000000000222 Buy Metrics Abstract An analysis of food and nutrient intake is crucial to identify malnutrition in hospitalized pediatric patients. The purpose of this study was to describe the food/nutrient intake analysis process for hospitalized pediatric patients in the United States and identify specific areas for quality improvement. Researchers conducted semistructured qualitative interviews with registered dietitian nutritionists working in pediatric hospitals in the United States. The main themes that emerged were purpose of calorie counts, communication, training, recording intake, and nutrient analysis results. Assessment of food/nutrient intake in hospitalized pediatric patients was multidisciplinary and complex. This qualitative study highlights points for leveraging quality improvement. © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.