NARRATIVE REVIEWMilk and Conjugated Linoleic Acid A Review of the Effects on Human HealthMinieri, Sara PhD, MSc; Sofi, Francesco MD, PhD; Mannelli, Federica MSc; Messini, Anna MSc; Piras, Silvia MSc; Buccioni, Arianna PhD, MScAuthor Information Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy (Dr Minieri); and Medicina Sperimentale e Clinica (Dr Sofi) and Department of Environmental and Agri-Food Production Sciences (Mss Mannelli and Messini and Dr Buccioni), University of Florence, Florence, Italy. Correspondence: Francesco Sofi, MD, PhD, Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence, Largo Brambilla 3, 50134, Florence, Italy ([email protected]). The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article. Topics in Clinical Nutrition: October/December 2020 - Volume 35 - Issue 4 - p 320-328 doi: 10.1097/TIN.0000000000000223 Buy Metrics Abstract Dairy products and milk play an important role in a healthy diet as they contribute to the intake of essential nutrients, high-quality proteins, and fats. Despite the large number of existing studies on the possible association between dairy products and chronic degenerative diseases, studies examining the effects of dairy products and milk on the risk of common causes of mortality such as cardiovascular and neoplastic diseases are scarce and conflicting. Some studies have reported an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases for individuals who consume large amounts of cheese, whereas others have shown no relationship between these products and atherosclerotic biomarkers. © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.