ORIGINAL ARTICLEHigh-Fidelity Patient Simulation Increases Saudi Dietetics Students' Self-efficacy in Applying the Nutrition Care ProcessAlkhaldy, Areej A. PhD, RD; Mosli, Rana H. PhD, RDAuthor Information Clinical Nutrition Department, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Correspondence: Areej A. Alkhaldy, PhD, RD, Clinical Nutrition Department, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, PO Box 80215, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia ([email protected]). The authors acknowledge and appreciate the cooperation of the fourth-year dietetics students. The authors also extend their appreciation to the Clinical Skills & Simulation Centre at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia for their support and assistance.The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article. Topics in Clinical Nutrition: April/June 2020 - Volume 35 - Issue 2 - p 93-103 doi: 10.1097/TIN.0000000000000191 Buy Metrics Abstract In this repeated-measures pre/postintervention study, we evaluated the effect of high-fidelity patient simulation-based learning (HPSL) on dietetics students' self-efficacy in applying the nutrition care process. Furthermore, we assessed their perceptions, attitudes, satisfaction, and self-confidence toward HPSL. Forty-one Saudi dietetics undergraduates participated in an HPSL exercise involving a newly diagnosed diabetic ketoacidosis case. We found that the students' self-efficacy score in applying the nutrition care process significantly increased (P = .01) following the intervention, from 3.0 (interquartile range [IQR] = 2.4-3.2) to 3.2 (IQR = 2.8-3.5), and participants reported overall positive attitudes toward HPSL, including enhanced perceived benefits to communication skills. © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.