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The Relationship Between Vitamin D and Postpartum Depression

A Review of Current Literature

Tiderencel, Kelly A. MS, RDN, CDN; Zelig, Rena DCN, RDN, CDE, CSG; Parker, Anna DCN, RD, CDE, CCRC

doi: 10.1097/TIN.0000000000000187
LITERATURE REVIEWS
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There is increased interest in the relationship between vitamin D and postpartum depression. This review evaluates the 3 studies that have examined associations between prenatal vitamin D status and postpartum depressive symptoms. Based on the evidence, there is an association between low prenatal vitamin D levels and an increased risk of postpartum depressive symptoms. Vitamin D at a dose of 2000 IU/d may be a convenient choice to correct serum levels safely and reduce the incidence of depressive symptoms. Health care professionals should facilitate adequate vitamin D intake during pregnancy to mitigate depressive consequences of deficiency in the postpartum period.

Master of Science in Clinical Nutrition Program (Dr Zelig), Department of Clinical and Preventive Nutrition Sciences, School of Health Professions, Rutgers University, Newark, New Jersey (Ms Tiderencel and Drs Zelig and Parker).

Correspondence: Kelly A. Tiderencel, MS, RDN, CDN, Department of Clinical and Preventive Nutrition Sciences, School of Health Professions, Rutgers University, 65 Bergen St, Ste 120, Newark, NJ 07107 (kat217@shp.rutgers.edu).

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

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