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“It's Good, It's Delicious, It's Great”

Cognitions, Barriers, and Supports for Fruit and Vegetable Intake of Parents and School-Aged Children

Santiago, Elena, MS, RD; Eck, Kaitlyn M., MS, RD; Delaney, Colleen, BS; Famodu, Oluremi A., PhD, RD; Olfert, Melissa D., DrPH, RD; Shelnutt, Karla P., PhD, RD; Byrd-Bredbenner, Carol, PhD, RD, FAND

doi: 10.1097/TIN.0000000000000172
Dietary Interventions and Education

Fruit and vegetable (F/V)–related cognitions of parents (n = 36) and children (aged 6-11 years; n = 41) were investigated via focus groups. Participants regarded F/Vs as important for health. Parents identified busy schedules, picky eating, and cost as F/V intake barriers. To overcome barriers, parents suggested scheduling time for F/V preparation and using time-saving forms of F/Vs and involving children in F/V selection/preparation. Kids identified disliking F/Vs as a barrier, recommending parents stock a variety of F/Vs and encourage kids to eat them. Considering F/V cognitions during intervention development may improve intervention effectiveness.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey (Ms Santiago, Eck, and Delaney and Dr Byrd-Bredbenner); Department of Family, Youth, and Community Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville (Drs Famodu and Shelnutt); and Division of Animal and Nutritional Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown (Dr Olfert).

Correspondence: Kaitlyn M. Eck, MS, RD, Department of Nutritional Sciences, 26 Nichol Ave, New Brunswick, NJ 08901 (

This study is funded by the United States Department of Agriculture, National Institute of Food and Agriculture, grant no. 2017-68001-26351.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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