Original ResearchLow Protein Intake Among College Males Is Associated With Increased BMIColby, Sarah PhD, RD; Sparks, Amy MS, RD; Thompson, Dixie PhD; Overstreet, Brittney PhD, RCEP; Monroe, Courtney PhD, EP-C; Appelo, Shanthi MS, RD; Hansen-Petrik, Melissa PhD, RD; Kavanagh, Katie PhD, RDAuthor Information Department of Nutrition (Drs Colby, Kavanagh, and Hansen-Petrik and Mss Sparks and Appelo), Department of Kinesiology, Recreation, and Sport Studies (Drs Thompson, Overstreet, and Monroe), and College of Education, Health and Human Sciences (Dr Thompson), The University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Dr Overstreet is now with the Kinesiology & Applied Physiology Deptartment, University of Delaware, Newark. Dr Monroe is now with the Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior, University of South Carolina, Columbia. Correspondence: Sarah Colby, PhD, RD, Department of Nutrition, The University of Tennessee, 1215 W. Cumberland Ave, 229 Jessie Harris Bldg, Knoxville, TN 37996 ([email protected]). The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article. Topics in Clinical Nutrition: July/September 2018 - Volume 33 - Issue 3 - p 219-226 doi: 10.1097/TIN.0000000000000145 Buy Metrics Abstract A convenience sample of male nonathlete college students (n = 47) was assessed (diet intake, physical activity, and anthropometrics) and interviewed on protein knowledge/behavior. Most participants were unaware or misinformed about protein and were using supplements. Fifteen percent of participants consumed less than 0.8 g/kg per day, 70% consumed 0.8 to 1.99 g/kg per day, and 15% consumed 2 g/kg per day or more of protein. Differences between protein intake groups were assessed using a multivariate analysis of variance. The low protein intake group had higher body fat percentages, body mass indexes, and waist circumferences (P < .05). Future experimental research is needed to examine the impact of differing protein intakes on body composition in college male populations. © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.