A systematic literature review of prospective cohort studies was conducted to investigate the association between consumption of fat-free/1% versus reduced- and/or full-fat dairy on the incidence of overweight/obesity, central adiposity, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults. Fifteen articles met the inclusion criteria. No significant relationships between dairy fat intake and cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes mellitus were found. The limited research published on the relationship between overweight/obesity, central adiposity, and dairy fat intake makes it difficult to draw generalizable conclusions at this time. Registered dietitian nutritionists should continue to encourage clients to eat calorically balanced, nutrient-dense diets, and engage in regular physical activity.
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Graduate student, Department of Individual, Family and Community Education, Nutrition Program, College of Education, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque NM (Ms Key); Professor, Department of Individual, Family and Community Education, Nutrition Program, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque NM (Dr Cohen and Dr Conn); Faculty, Department of Individual, Family and Community Education, Nutrition Program, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque NM (Ms. Cerami); Department of Pediatrics, Prevention Research Center, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque NM (Mr Cantarero).
Correspondence: Janna Key, MS, RD, Nutrition and Dietetics, University of New Mexico Albuquerque, NM 87131 (firstname.lastname@example.org).
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The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.