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The Dairy Fat Paradox: A Systematic Review of the Evidence

Key, Janna MS, RD; Cantarero, Andrea MS, MPH, RD; Cohen, Deborah DCN, RD; Conn, Carole PhD, RD; Cerami, Jean MS, RD

doi: 10.1097/TIN.0000000000000072
Review Articles

A systematic literature review of prospective cohort studies was conducted to investigate the association between consumption of fat-free/1% versus reduced- and/or full-fat dairy on the incidence of overweight/obesity, central adiposity, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults. Fifteen articles met the inclusion criteria. No significant relationships between dairy fat intake and cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes mellitus were found. The limited research published on the relationship between overweight/obesity, central adiposity, and dairy fat intake makes it difficult to draw generalizable conclusions at this time. Registered dietitian nutritionists should continue to encourage clients to eat calorically balanced, nutrient-dense diets, and engage in regular physical activity.

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Graduate student, Department of Individual, Family and Community Education, Nutrition Program, College of Education, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque NM (Ms Key); Professor, Department of Individual, Family and Community Education, Nutrition Program, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque NM (Dr Cohen and Dr Conn); Faculty, Department of Individual, Family and Community Education, Nutrition Program, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque NM (Ms. Cerami); Department of Pediatrics, Prevention Research Center, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque NM (Mr Cantarero).

Correspondence: Janna Key, MS, RD, Nutrition and Dietetics, University of New Mexico Albuquerque, NM 87131 (jkey01@salud.unm.edu).

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Web site (http://www.topicsinclinicalnutrition.com).

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

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