GUIDANCE FOR DISEASESAcute and Chronic Nutrition Considerations in Pediatric OncologySanner, Nikki RD, LDN; Wallace, Beth RD, CNSC, LDNAuthor Information Department of Clinical Nutrition, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Correspondence: Beth Wallace, RD, CNSC, LDN, Department of Clinical Nutrition, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th and Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104 ([email protected]). The authors have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article. Topics in Clinical Nutrition: July/September 2012 - Volume 27 - Issue 3 - p 305-314 doi: 10.1097/TIN.0b013e3182628d84 Buy Metrics Abstract Nutrition therapy remains a growing interest within the field of pediatric oncology. With the increasing number of survivors, the focus on nutrition requires a transition from a problem-based response to a proactive evaluation and treatment plan. This article provides a comprehensive review of some common problems including malnutrition and assessment of nutrient requirements. The posttherapy effects on bone health, body composition, the gastrointestinal system, and potential modifications to initiate during treatment are examined. © 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.