ADHD: From childhood to young adulthood

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects approximately 11% of children between the ages of 4 and 17 years. This article discusses performing a comprehensive assessment for ADHD, the use of validated tools to make an accurate diagnosis, physical exam findings that may be suggestive of certain conditions, and ADHD treatment options.

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Adolescent use of electronic nicotine delivery systems

Use of electronic nicotine delivery systems is flourishing among adolescents. The long-term effects have not been fully determined; however, literature suggests there is potential for significant harm. Providers must be aware of usage trends, device safety, and product knowledge. Adolescents should be evaluated through routine screening, and cessation counseling should be initiated.

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Detection and management of atrial fibrillation using remote monitoring

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common dysrhythmia encountered in the United States. Symptoms may be similar to those of other cardiac conditions, which can delay the timely detection, diagnosis, and management of AF. This article provides an overview of AF and modalities used in remote monitoring.

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Peanut allergy reduction in high-risk pediatric patients

The prevalence of food allergies has doubled in the past 10 years. Peanut allergies are a significant public health issue and are the primary reason for food-related anaphylactic reactions that result in death. Evidence supports that early introduction of the peanut protein (or in combination with immunotherapy) to the highly allergic may safely desensitize patients, which could lead to less adverse allergic reactions and alter allergy management overall.

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The role of race in clinical decision making

Is race/ethnicity useful in clinical decision making? This article uses a case example to discuss the role of race/ethnicity in clinical decision making, how racial/ethnic categories were developed, potential problems of using racial/ethnic categories, and the difference between risk factors and risk markers. The authors make the argument that using a patient's race/ethnicity in clinical decision making often results in a missed or incorrect diagnosis.

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Only 20% of children with ASD are identified before age 3.
Only 20% of children with ASD are identified before age 3.
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