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Infectious Disease

  • Creator:   The Nurse Practitioner
  • Updated:   1/25/2022
  • Contains:  43 items
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Antiretroviral therapies and corticosteroids: Drug-drug interactions

Cadet, Myriam Jean

The Nurse Practitioner. 46(12):40-47, December 2021.

Antiretroviral therapies for HIV may cause systemic toxicities when coadministered with corticosteroids. Potential drug-drug interactions may occur, leading to iatrogenic Cushing syndrome or adrenal insufficiency. This article highlights the drug-drug interactions of antiretroviral therapies with corticosteroids. Practice implications are discussed.

Increasing human papillomavirus immunization in the primary care setting

Taylor, Andrea C.; Hopkins, Leslie W.; Moore, Ginny

The Nurse Practitioner. 46(10):37-42, October 2021.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a leading cause of cancer. Increasing HPV vaccination recommendations by primary care providers to patients decreases the burden of this viral infection. Providers need to be educated about this condition and the available options for immunization to feel confident in making strong recommendations and thereby increase HPV immunization rates.

Resurgence of syphilis in the US

Bach, Susan; Heavey, Elizabeth

The Nurse Practitioner. 46(10):28-35, October 2021.

Despite advances in screening and treatment for syphilis, the US has seen increased incidence of the disease in the past decade. This article gives an overview of incidence, risk factors, clinical manifestations, assessment, screening, treatment, and prevention of syphilis.

COVID-19 pneumonia: What APRNs should know

Avadhani, Amita; Cardinale, Maria; Akintade, Bimbola

The Nurse Practitioner. 46(7):22-28, July 2021.

COVID-19-associated pneumonia is a complex acute care diagnosis that requires careful evaluation and management. This article includes pertinent recommendations for management of acutely ill patients with COVID-19 pneumonia.

COVID-19 and the golden years

Kroll, Nicole L.; Sanchez-Jones, Tamika; Atchley, Megan Danielle; More

The Nurse Practitioner. 46(6):37-42, June 2021.

The impact of COVID-19 on older adults may not be readily apparent. Personal protective and social distancing measures can reduce activity levels, increase feelings of isolation and loss, and result in lapsed medical care. NPs must recognize detrimental impacts on overall health and wellness and assist older adults in overcoming them.

Understanding the most commonly billed diagnoses in primary care: Acute pharyngitis

Rogers, Julia; Eastland, Taryn

The Nurse Practitioner. 46(5):48-54, May 2021.

This is a 12-part series on the most commonly billed diagnoses in primary care. The article discusses the pathophysiologic processes of acute pharyngitis as well as the clinical manifestations and treatments and how they are linked to disease pathogenesis.

Beliefs related to Pap smear intention among Jamaicans: A qualitative research study

Linton, Denise

The Nurse Practitioner. 46(3):51-55, March 2021.

Globally, most women who are diagnosed with cervical cancer do not obtain regular screening with the Pap smear/test. Women in developing countries have high cervical cancer incidence and mortality. Therefore, a qualitative research study was conducted to determine the referents, and salient and control beliefs related to Pap smear/ test intention among Jamaicans.

COVID-19 and telehealth: Issues facing healthcare in a pandemic

Fant, Catherine; Adelman, Deborah S.; Summer, Georgianne A.

The Nurse Practitioner. 46(3):16-19, March 2021.

Providing safe nonemergent care during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been challenging for NPs. This article, the first of a three-part series, will discuss telehealth and telemedicine and provide a brief history of the two. The benefits, challenges, and temporary changes due to COVID-19 will also be addressed.

Risk of misdiagnosis and delayed diagnosis with COVID-19: A Syndemic Approach

Muhrer, Jill C.

The Nurse Practitioner. 46(2):44-49, February 2021.

Misdiagnosis and delayed diagnosis are common problems in healthcare and are typically related to patient, provider, and socioeconomic factors. A syndemics model of COVID-19 is used to analyze the synergistic relationship between diseases and influences that impact patients' living conditions and health. NPs can use this approach to promote patient safety and equitable healthcare.

Elevated liver function tests in COVID-19: Causes, clinical evidence, and potential treatments

Clark, Ricketta; Waters, Bradford; Stanfill, Ansley Grimes

The Nurse Practitioner. 46(1):21-26, January 2021.

COVID-19 causes severe respiratory and multiorgan failure, including liver damage and elevated transaminase levels. This article addresses the potential causes of liver function abnormalities in patients diagnosed with COVID-19 and management approaches for NPs focusing on preventing and alleviating liver injury.

Understanding the most commonly billed diagnoses in primary care: Abdominal pain

Rogers, Julia; Schallmo, Marianne

The Nurse Practitioner. 46(1):13-20, January 2021.

Abdominal pain affects nearly every person at some point in their lifetime. Abdominal pain may be vague or referred, often making the diagnosis elusive and challenging for NPs. This article reviews the pathophysiology of abdominal pain in relation to clinical manifestations, differential diagnoses, and treatment.

COVID-19: Epidemiology and clinical practice implications

Rogge, Mary Madeline; Gautam, Bibha

The Nurse Practitioner. 45(12):26-34, December 2020.

In 2019, a novel coronavirus infection was detected in humans. As coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) spread around the world, often confusing and contradictory information about the disease proliferated rapidly. This article reviews what is currently known about COVID-19, including transmission, epidemiology, immunologic responses, clinical manifestations, and disease management.

Understanding the most commonly billed diagnoses in primary care: Urinary tract infections

Rogers, Julia

The Nurse Practitioner. 45(11):35-40, November 2020.

This article, one of 12 in a series on most commonly billed diagnoses in primary care, provides a comprehensive overview of the pathophysiologic processes related to urinary tract infections (UTIs). The clinical manifestations, diagnostic tests, treatments, and billing codes associated with UTIs will be described.

Infectious complications of newer agents in the fight against diabetes

Stover, Kayla R.; Hugh, Emily; Sherman, Justin J.; More

The Nurse Practitioner. 45(11):17-24, November 2020.

Infectious complications have been reported with antidiabetic medications. Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors have been associated with upper respiratory tract infections and urinary tract infections. Sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors have been associated with lower limb amputations, urinary tract infections, genital mycotic infections, and Fournier gangrene.

Community-associated MRSA among Indigenous children in remote settings: Best practices for NPs

Campbell, Rhonda; Martin, Donna; Pierce, Darlene; More

The Nurse Practitioner. 45(10):34-40, October 2020.

Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) is a major public health concern for Indigenous pediatric populations worldwide. It is the leading cause of skin and soft tissue infections in this demographic. This article reviews the literature and presents an evidence-based algorithm for the assessment and management of CA-MRSA among Indigenous children in remote settings.

Recurrent bacterial vaginosis

Ellington, Kelly; Saccomano, Scott J.

The Nurse Practitioner. 45(10):27-32, October 2020.

Bacterial vaginosis recurrence is common but can lead to recurrent bothersome symptoms associated with infection. This article reviews evidence-based options for practicing providers to improve patient outcomes. Bacterial vaginosis increases the risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. Adequate treatment is essential to help avoid adverse patient outcomes.

Implementation science: Changing practice in oral health

Berger, Carol; Tokac, Umit; Fish, Anne F.; More

The Nurse Practitioner. 45(7):27-34, July 2020.

Caries remain the most common preventable chronic childhood disease. One state oral health program including fluoride varnish showed a decrease in presence of decay and improvement in overall oral health; however, early childhood caries did not improve. Implementation of an oral health preventive program during well-child medical visits may address this gap.

Guiding patients to appropriate vaccination during pregnancy

Heavey, Elizabeth

The Nurse Practitioner. 45(6):19-24, June 2020.

This article focuses on the two universally recommended vaccines during pregnancy—Tdap and influenza—and how NPs can advocate for the appropriate vaccination of this patient population.

New drug treatment options for HIV antiretroviral therapy

Kwong, Jeffrey

The Nurse Practitioner. 45(3):28-38, March 2020.

Current treatments for patients with HIV are not only effective at controlling viral replication but are also associated with a more favorable adverse reaction profile, may often be taken once daily, and are increasingly available in combination single-tablet regimens. This article provides an overview and prescribing considerations for several primary drugs currently recommended by the US Department of Health and Human Services.

Creator: The Nurse Practitioner
Duration: 11:07
The Nurse Practitioner 
In this episode of The Nurse Practitioner Podcast, Dr. Stephen A. Ferrara discusses influenza.
Creator: The Nurse Practitioner
Duration: 10:06
The Nurse Practitioner 

In this episode of The Nurse Practitioner Podcast, Jeffrey Kwong, DNP, MPH, AGPCNP-BC, FAANP, FAAN discusses COVID-19.

Recorded on 3/25/2020

Creator: The Nurse Practitioner
Duration: 14:07
The Nurse Practitioner 
In this episode of The Nurse Practitioner Podcast, Dr. Julia Rogers, DNP, RN, CNS, FNP-BC discusses pharyngitis.