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Articles by Kristina F. Skarbinski, MSN, FNP-BC

Dysphagia: A review

Skarbinski, Kristina F.; Glennon, Elizabeth

The Nurse Practitioner. 45(7):9-16, July 2020.

Dysphagia is a common symptom with several differential diagnoses ranging from benign and functional to life threatening. Given the potential severity, it is essential to obtain an accurate and pointed history to dictate appropriate diagnostic testing. This article differentiates between oropharyngeal and esophageal dysphagia before outlining a systematic approach to subsequent testing, including when to refer to a specialist.