Share this article on:

Women & Heart disease: Symptoms and treatment guidelines

doi: 10.1097/01.NPR.0000405094.93462.f0
CE Connection

For more than 40 additional continuing education articles related to cardiovascular topics, go to

Earn CE credit online: Go to and receive a certificate within minutes.

Back to Top | Article Outline

INSTRUCTIONS Women and heart disease: Symptoms and treatment guidelines


  • To take the test online, go to our secure website at
  • On the print form, record your answers in the test answer section of the CE enrollment form on page 28. Each question has only one correct answer. You may make copies of these forms.
  • Complete the registration information and course evaluation. Mail the completed form and registration fee of $17.95 to: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, CE Group, 2710 Yorktowne Blvd., Brick, NJ 08723. We will mail your certificate in 4 to 6 weeks. For faster service, include a fax number and we will fax your certificate within 2 business days of receiving your enrollment form.
  • You will receive your CE certificate of earned contact hours and an answer key to review your results.There is no minimum passing grade.
  • Registration deadline is September 30, 2013.
Back to Top | Article Outline


  • Send two or more tests in any nursing journal published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins together and deduct $0.95 from the price of each test.
  • We also offer CE accounts for hospitals and other healthcare facilities on Call 1-800-787-8985 for details.
Back to Top | Article Outline


Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, publisher of The Nurse Practitioner journal, will award 1.8 contact hours for this continuing nursing education activity.

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Commission on Accreditation.

This activity is also provider approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider Number CEP 11749 for 1.8 contact hours. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins is also an approved provider of continuing nursing education by the District of Columbia and Florida #FBN2454.

Your certificate is valid in all states.

The ANCC's accreditation status of Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Department of Continuing Education refers only to its continuing nursing educational activities and does not imply Commission on Accreditation approval or endorsement of any commercial product.

Women and heart disease: Symptoms and treatment guidelines

General Purpose: To provide the NP with a review of heart disease in women and updated treatment guidelines. Learning Objectives: After reading this article and taking this test, the learner will be able to: 1. Describe the risks and symptoms of heart disease in women. 2. Discuss guidelines for women to prevent and treat heart disease.

1. Compared to men, the rate of MI complications in women is

a. higher.

b. the same.

c. slightly lower.

d. significantly lower.

2. What percentage of women die within 1 year after their first MI?

a. 15%

b. 25%

c. 28%

d. 38%

3. A study found that what percentage of PCPs do not incorporate AHA Evidence-Based Guidelines for Women into practice?

a. 21%

b. 39%

c. 41%

d. 61%

4. About what percentage of American women do not know that CVD is the leading cause of death for women?

a. 50%

b. 60%

c. 70%

d. 80%

5. Women experiencing an MI are more likely to be misdiagnosed because of their atypical

a. ECG findings.

b. symptoms.

c. cardiac enzyme results.

d. troponin results.

6. Women experiencing an MI are more likely to describe their chest pain as

a. achiness.

b. pressure.

c. sharp.

d. crushing.

7. Women experiencing an MI commonly complain of all except

a. breathing difficulties.

b. pain radiating to the back.

c. diaphoresis.

d. unusual fatigue.

8. The top two symptoms of women experiencing an MI are chest pain and

a. shortness of breath.

b. dizziness.

c. nausea.

d. unusual fatigue.

9. According to the literature, MIs are unrecognized in women about what percentage of the time?

a. 6% to 14%

b. 16% to 24%

c. 26% to 54%

d. 56% to 74%

10. Which is a prodromal symptom that many women may experience for up to a year before an MI?

a. leg cramps

b. tearing back pain

c. sleep disturbances

d. depression

11. Women are more likely to describe their angina as

a. stopping with rest.

b. continuing with rest.

c. lessening with rest.

d. worsening with rest.

12. Which of the following is a classification of a woman's CVD risk according to the 2011 AHA guidelines?

a. at no risk

b. at risk

c. Class I risk

d. Type A risk

13. Women should exercise at a moderate intensity for a weekly minimum of

a. 120 minutes.

b. 150 minutes.

c. 180 minutes.

d. 210 minutes.

14. A heart-healthy diet includes

a. limited whole grains

b. moderate amounts of trans fats

c. fish at least twice a week

d. no sugar or sodium

15. Women at high risk for CVD should attain an optimal BP of less than

a. 100/60.

b. 110/70.

c. 120/80.

d. 140/90.

16. The 2011 AHA guidelines include treatment of atrial fibrillation because women are at increased risk for

a. heart failure.

b. hemorrhagic strokes.

c. MI.

d. ischemic stroke.

17. Hormone replacement therapy for CVD prevention in postmenopausal women should be

a. required for all women.

b. limited to women over age 55.

c. limited to women over age 65.

d. avoided for primary and secondary prevention.

18. The goal of the AHA Strategic Planning Task Force is that by 2020, the cardiovascular health of all Americans is improved by

a. 10%.

b. 20%.

c. 30%.

d. 40%.



© 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.