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Pharmacotherapeutic management of osteoprosis and osteopenia

Alexander, Ivy M. CANP, PhD

doi: 10.1097/01.NPR.0000352286.81981.0e

Osteoporosis is a potentially debilitating disease with significant personal, financial, and social ramifications. Consistent patient education for maintaining and building bone strength and early identification of bone loss is key to preventing fractures and their sequelae.

Ivy Alexander is an associate professor at the Yale University School of Nursing and a Nurse Practitioner and Midlife Women's Health Consultant at Yale University Health Services, New Haven, Conn.

The author has disclosed that she serves as consultant and/or is on the speaker bureau for Athena, Duramed Pharmaceuticals, Bayer Healthcare, Endo Pharmaceutical and Upsher-Smith Laboratories.

This article has been reviewed, and all potential or actual conflicts have been resolved.

© 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.