Online exclusiveImproving HPV vaccination rates among young males in rural areas of the United StatesVogel, Nicki Parton DNP, CNOR, FNP-BC; Appel, Susan J. PhD, APRN-BC, CCRN, FAHA; Winker, Guyton MDAuthor Information Nicki Parton Vogel is a family NP at Spindale Family Practice, Spindale, N.C. Susan J. Appel is a professor at the University of Alabama, Capstone College of Nursing, Tuscaloosa, Ala. Guyton Winker is an MD at Spindale Family Practice, Spindale, N.C. The authors have disclosed no financial relationships related to this article. The Nurse Practitioner: January 15, 2018 - Volume 43 - Issue 1 - p 1-6 doi: 10.1097/01.NPR.0000527572.74477.a5 Buy Metrics Abstract Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination occurs more frequently among females ages 11 to 18 than their male counterparts. The purpose of this quality improvement project is to identify reasons why parents/guardians either choose or decline HPV immunization and increase rates of vaccination among males ages 11 to 18 in rural areas of the United States. Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.