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A Fond Farewell to JTI Case Reports

Boiselle, Phillip M. MD

doi: 10.1097/RTI.0b013e31826f3b0b
Editor's Section

The author declares no conflicts of interest.

This issue of JTI marks the end of an era as we bid a fond farewell to publishing case reports, which have been part of the journal's portfolio since 1986. With this decision, JTI has joined a growing majority of international scientific journals that have discontinued publication of case reports in favor of increasing priority of more scientifically rigorous original research articles and more broad-based review articles.1,2

As we close the page on this chapter, I would like to thank the many contributors of JTI case reports throughout the years, including the authors of our final case reports in this issue.3–14 At their best, case reports play an educational role in alerting readers to unexpected presentations, previously unreported adverse events, and new associations that may lay the groundwork for future scientific investigations.1,2 For example, in this issue, a report by Ackman and colleagues describes the unexpected finding of normal thymus tissue that failed to suppress on out-of-phase chemical shift MRI14; a report by Tafti and colleagues describes the value of contralateral decubitus positioning to enhance image quality of CT pulmonary angiography in patients with intrapulmonary shunting from a pulmonary arteriovenous malformation,13 and a report by Henry and colleagues describes an association between focal pulmonary edema and traumatic injury to an anomalous pulmonary vein.11 Nevertheless, case reports often lack scientific rigor, are purely anecdotal, and may simply serve to illustrate a rare disease or show a pretty picture.1,2 At JTI, our rigorous review process has generally screened out case reports in the latter category, with only 15% of all case report submissions eventually making it to publication.

Although discontinuing case reports makes sense from intellectual and resource perspectives, some readers may be concerned about a potential loss of educational content and authorship opportunities for younger readers. At JTI, we have not relied upon case reports for these purposes. Rather, we have developed a more thoughtful and curriculum-based approach to educational content for residents and fellows, including the open-access cardiac and pulmonary review article collections (part of our “Residents and Fellows Corner”) and the “Signs in Cardiopulmonary Imaging” series. The outstanding “Galaxy Sign” article is the latest installment in this series, which provides authorship opportunities to cardiopulmonary imaging fellows.15

In summary, we bid a fond farewell to JTI case reports as we simultaneously look forward to making room for more original scientific articles, timely cardiopulmonary review articles, and symposia features in the years ahead!

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© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.