Early identification of congenital heart diseases, specifically those affecting the structural integrity and function of the interventricular septum, in childhood is important toward decreasing the morbidity and mortality of those affected. We review the pertinent clinical and imaging manifestations for those with ventricular septal defects, ventricular septal aneurysms, tetralogy of Fallot, and hypertrophic (obstructive) cardiomyopathy, in addition to discussing first-line imaging studies, including echocardiography, and indications for advanced imaging.
Departments of *Diagnostic Radiology
†Internal Medicine, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center
§Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD
‡Diagnostic Imaging Flight, Mike O’Callaghan Federal Medical Center, Las Vegas, NV
∥Department of Diagnostic Radiology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX
Brett W. Carter: Amirsys-Elsevier Inc. John P. Lichtenberger: author, Amirsys-Elsevier Inc. The remaining authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Correspondence to: Derek F. Franco, BS, Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).