Case Reports—PulmonaryImaging Characteristics of Bronchopulmonary Lophomonas blattarum Infection Case Report and Literature ReviewYao, Guozhong MD; Zhou, Baohong MD; Zeng, Liqiang MDAuthor Information Department of Respiratory Medicine, Shanghai Hospital of the Chinese People's Armed Police Forces, Shanghai, P R China Reprints: Guozhong Yao, MD, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Shanghai Hospital of the Chinese People's Armed Police Forces, Huxulu 831, Shanghai 201103, P R China (e-mail: [email protected]). Journal of Thoracic Imaging: February 2009 - Volume 24 - Issue 1 - p 49-51 doi: 10.1097/RTI.0b013e31818c6b72 Buy Metrics Abstract Bronchopulmonary Lophomonas blattarum infection is a new form of disease, for which the clinical features are not fully understood. The present article is a retrospective review and analysis of clinical manifestations, chest x-ray, and computed tomography imaging findings in 15 cases of bronchopulmonary L. blattarum infection reported in China, including 1 case diagnosed and treated in our hospital. Imaging presentation of bronchopulmonary L. blattarum infection varies with individual patients. The most common manifestations were pneumonia or migratory pneumonia, and occasional findings included bronchiectasis, pulmonary abscess, and hydrothorax. Diagnosis of L. blattarum mainly depends on sputum smear examination, bronchoscopic examination, and bronchoalveolar lavage. © 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.