Renal transplantation accounts for more than half of all solid organ transplants performed in the U.S., and the liver is the second most commonly transplanted solid organ. Although abdominal imaging procedures are commonplace in these patients, there has been relatively little attention paid to thoracic imaging applications. Preoperative imaging is crucial to aid in the exclusion of infectious or malignant disease. In the perioperative time period, thoracic imaging focuses both on standard intensive care unit care, including monitoring devices and their complications, and on the early infections that can occur. Postoperative management is divided into three time periods, and the principles governing the occurrence of infections and malignancies are reviewed. Anatomic and pathologic aspects unique to kidney and liver transplantation patients are also discussed.
From the *Department of Radiology, University of Miami School of Medicine, Jackson Memorial Hospital Miami, Florida, and the †Division of Abdominal Organ Transplantation, Department of Surgery, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, Oregon.
Address correspondence to Joel E. Fishman, M.D., Ph.D., Department of Radiology, University of Miami School of Medicine, Jackson Memorial Hospital WW279, 1611 N.W. 12th Avenue, Miami, FL 33136; E-mail: email@example.com