There is a paucity of data regarding cause-specific mortality following a perioperative stroke. In this study, we aim to establish the risk of cause-specific mortality associated with perioperative stroke following cardiac and vascular procedures at 30 days, 90 days, and 1-year postoperative. It is hoped that this fund of knowledge will enhance perioperative risk stratification and medical management for patients who have suffered a perioperative stroke.
This is a retrospective cohort study evaluating 277,654 cardiac and vascular surgical patients dually documented within the Inpatient Discharge Claims Database and the Pennsylvania Department of Health Death Statistics database. A univariate assessment followed by a multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the odds of cerebrovascular, cardiovascular, pulmonary, malignancy, infectious, and dementia causes of mortality following perioperative stroke.
Perioperative stroke significantly increased the odds of overall mortality (P<0.0001) as well as cause-specific mortality in all categories (P<0.05) except dementia (P=0.8907) at all-time endpoints. Cerebrovascular-related mortality was most impacted by perioperative stroke [adjusted odds ratio: 34.5 (29.1, 40.9), P<0.0001 at 30 d].
Perioperative stroke in the cardiac and vascular surgical population is associated with increased odds of overall, cerebrovascular, cardiovascular, pulmonary, malignancy, and infectious causes of mortality at 30 days, 90 days, and 1-year postoperatively when compared with patients who did not experience a perioperative stroke.