Recently studies suggested that assessment of tissue-window can effectively guide thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke patients with unknown time of onset or late presenting. This study aimed to evaluate predictors of good outcomes from thrombolysis in these patients.
Acute ischemic stroke patients received thrombolysis guided by computed tomography perfusion (CTP) from October 2018 to August 2019 were reviewed. Baseline characteristics and outcomes were collected. Good outcomes were defined as modified Rankin scale scores of 0 to 2 at 90 days. Logistic regression analysis was performed and the receiver operating characteristics analysis was used to determine cut-off values for the predictors of outcomes.
Sixty-three patients were enrolled. The median age was 64 (interquartile range 57.75 to 72.5) years. The median baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was 8 (interquartile range 3 to 13) and 41 (65.1%) patients had a good outcome at 90 days. Multivariate regression analysis showed smaller perfusion lesion (the sum of ischemic penumbra and infarcted core) (odds ratio: 0.961; 95% confidence interval, 0.931-0.992; P=0.013) and lower baseline NIHSS score (odds ratio: 0.759; 95% confidence interval, 0.644-0.895; P=0.001) were significant predictors for good outcomes. Receiver operating characteristics analysis was utilized to define optimal cut-off values for perfusion lesion [cut-off, 59 mL; area under curve (AUC), 0.761; sensitivity, 0.57; specificity, 0.93; P=0.001], ischemic penumbra (cut-off, 43.5 mL; AUC, 0.761; sensitivity, 0.62; specificity, 0.90; P=0.001), infarcted core (cut-off, 9.5 mL; AUC, 0.665; sensitivity, 0.43; specificity, 0.93; P=0.035), and baseline NIHSS score (cut-off, 8.5; AUC, 0.880; sensitivity, 0.81; specificity, 0.88; P<0.001).
This study suggested that smaller perfusion lesion and lower baseline NIHSS score may be helpful to predict favorable prognosis of stroke patients who receive thrombolysis guided by tissue-window.