There is considerable debate regarding the use of intraoperative microelectrode recording (MER) in deep brain stimulation (DBS).
To determine if the use of intraoperative MER impacts the final position of the lead implant in DBS of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and globus pallidus (GPi) and to evaluate the incidence of complications.
The authors conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients who underwent STN and GPi DBS with MER, at the University of Texas Health Science Center in Houston from June 1, 2009 to October 1, 2013 to compare initial and final coordinates. Hemorrhagic and infectious complications were reviewed.
A total of 90 lead implants on 46 patients implanted at the center during this time period were reviewed and included in the study. A statistically significant difference between the initial and final coordinates was observed in the superior-inferior direction with a mean difference of 0.40 mm inferiorly (±0.96 mm, P<0.05) and 0.96 mm inferiorly (±1.32 mm, P<0.05) in the STN and GPi locations, respectively. A nonstatistically significant difference was also observed in the anterior-posterior direction in both locations. There were no intraparenchymal hemorrhages on postoperative computed tomography. Two patients developed postoperative seizures (7.4%). One STN electrode (1.1%) required revision because of a suboptimal response.
Intraoperative MER in STN and GPi DBS implant does not seem to have a higher rate of surgical complications compared with historical series not using MER and might also be useful in determining the final lead location.